Mallorca Top Sightseeing

Pre-Talayotic caves of Sant Vicenç

Parks and Nature | Pollença
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These caves are located on the right side of the motorway at the entrance to the urbanised town of Cala Sant Vicenç. Known since ancient times, Joan B. Binimelis mentioned them in his Història de Mallorca [History of Mallorca] (1593) and claims that their size “means that they were inhabited by giants”. In 1927, Wilfred Hemp inventoried a total of 13 caves, but today only seven remain. They have been despoiled and reused since ancient times. Cristòfol Veny divided them into simple caves, caves for inhabitation, and complex burial caves. Despite this hypothesis, it is more likely that they were also part of a single necropolis dating from the Middle Bronze Age (in around 1600 BC), located on grounds that must have had a sacred, ritual value. The site where the necropolis is situated is Quaternary sediment that is easy to excavate, unlike the rest of the land. Six of the seven caves are lined up at the foot of natural steps and in front of the pathway that runs from the entrance to the site for a total of around 500 m. The seventh cavity is located at the other part of the roadway, in front of the third cave. The first cave (Hemp’s no. 6) has neither vestibule nor corridor, which have been destroyed. Across from the entrance, there are signs of the existence of a kind of courtyard, which must have been part of the complex. The inside measures around 12 metres long, and in the back there is an apse closed off by an apsidiole or niche. A household idol has been found (a cylindrical stone regarded as holy), which is the only representation of this kind that has been discovered on Mallorca. The second cavity (Hemp’s no. 7), one of the best preserved, also shows the remains of an entrance courtyard with a quadrangular hole. The doorway measures one metre high by half a metre wide, and it leads to an antechamber, followed by the main chamber, which has an entrance with a curved lintel and signs of grooves or enclosure marks. It has a bench and a trench in the middle, in addition to apsidioles or niches in the apse and the sides. Here, fragments of bone pieces known as buttons with V-shaped perforations were found. The third cave has lost part of its front, but inside it still has a central bench, two side niches and one niche in the apse. The fourth cavity has a carved stone entrance, and an antechamber and chamber with a side bench and three niches. The fifth cave has a different layout, this time circular, with a large entrance and a hole on the roof that had a stone to close it off. The sixth cave is virtually totally destroyed; the only part remaining is part of the apse.

Pre-Talayotic caves of Sant Vicenç
Spain Parks and Nature
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Carrer Dionís Bennàssar, 2Z, Cala Sant Vicenç

Mallorca
Neighborhood: Pollença
Nearby Places Pre-Talayotic caves of Sant Vicenç

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